More Camera Terms

The following terminology is commonly used by Video Directors when directing live camera operators over a two-way verbal communication system. These terms may be similar and or different to those used in your organization. The importance is in the standardization of terms within your team. These terms are intended to be used as a resource for training, and or standardization of terminology for your team.


READYNext camera to be cut (live) to program out

STANDBYNext camera to be dissolved (live) to program out

TAKE/CUTReady camera is quickly cut to program out (eg. Cut 1)

DISSOLVE/MIXStandby camera is slowly dissolved to program out (eg. Dissolve 2)


HOLDStop camera movement (hold current shot)

RESETReturn to previous position (starting point)

STARTBegin prescribed movement (eg. start push)

PAN RIGHTMove camera lens right

PAN LEFTMove camera lens left

TILT UPMove camera lens up

TILT DOWNMove camera lens down

ZOOM INTighten camera framing

ZOOM OUTLoosen camera framing

TIGHTEN UPZoom in slightly to tighten camera framing

LOOSEN UPZoom out slightly to loosen camera framing

PUSH INZoom in slowly on subject

PULL OUTZoom out slowly from subject

PUSH [SUBJECT] RIGHTSlowly move subject to right side/edge of frame

PUSH [SUBJECT] LEFTSlowly move subject to left side/edge of frame

PUSH [SUBJECT] CENTERSlowly move subject to center of frame

LOSE [SUBJECT] RIGHTSlowly lose subject off right side/edge of frame

LOSE [SUBJECT] LEFTSlowly lose subject off left side/edge of frame

REVEAL [SUBJECT] RIGHTSlowly reveal subject on the right side/edge of frame

REVEAL [SUBJECT] LEFTSlowly reveal subject on the left side/edge of frame

STATIC SHOTA non-moving/still shot


FULL WIDEZoom out as wide as possible

STAGE WIDEZoom out to frame complete stage

HEAD TO TOEFraming of subject from head to toe

KNEES UPFraming of subject from just below the knees to top of head

INSEAM UPFraming of subject from just below the inseam to top of head

WAIST UPFraming of subject from just below belt or waistline to top of head

ELBOWS UPFraming of subject from just below the elbows to top of head

BUST SHOTFraming of subject from just below the shoulders to the top of head

HEAD SHOTFraming of subject from just above the shoulders to top of head

1-SHOTFraming of one subject (typically from the waist up)

2-SHOTFraming of two subjects

3-SHOTFraming of three subjects

FRAME [SUBJECT] LEFTFraming of subject in the left side of screen

FRAME [SUBJECT] RIGHTFraming of subject in the right side of screen

CENTER UPFraming of subject in the center of screen


CHECK FOCUSImage is out of focus and needs to be sharpened up

CHECK IRIS [DARK/HOT]Image is either too dark or too bright (adjust f-stop/iris)

HEADROOM [MORE/LESS]Framing above the subjects head (too little or too great)

LEAD-ROOMOpen space in front of subject (when facing/walking left or right)

RACK FOCUSChange in focal point from one subject to another or to roll out of focus

SNAP ZOOMQuick zoom in & out on subject (by manual control of focal ring)

PREVIEWCamera which is next (ready/standing by) to go live

PROGRAM/PROGRAM OUTCamera which is live